When kidney function is deteriorated, dietary recommendations play an essential role in the management of the disease. Adapting the diet during kidney failure will help maintain a stable metabolic state and thus slow down kidney damage.
1. Reduce salt 🧂
In the dialysis patient, sodium accumulates and thus causes water retention and arterial hypertension. The restriction is essential: without it, the hypertensive drugs are ineffective and the weight gain between two dialyses is too important.
2. Limit potassium intake 🅿️
Potassium plays a role in muscle contraction in all muscles including the heart. It helps in the proper functioning of the nervous system. A level that is too high in the blood can be harmful and lead to cardiovascular problems (cardiac arrest in particular). Avoid catalog products that contain added potassium with the P logo.
3. Limit phosphorus 🧀
Phosphorus is a component of bones and teeth. In excess in the blood, it causes itching, joint pain and bone demineralization.
4. Control water intake 💧
Too much water intake can cause water retention.